Friday, 15 December 2017
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M.M.A.ELITE

 

M.M.A. ELITE

The MMA is a discipline that allows the highest expression of martial arts in a fight where  the knockout is permitted.

1)  PLACE OF COMPETITION

MMA matches areheldinside acaged octagon 7- 10 meters indiameteror,alternatively, in a ring similar tothe ones used inkickboxing  preferablywith four ropes.In any case the floor mat must be adequately padded. In exceptional cases class E fights can be disputed on square “MMA light” type mats. In this case the use of a head guard  is mandatory.

2) CLOTHING

MMA fighters should wear Bermuda-length  shorts  or baggy trunks like those used in kickboxing. In the latter case tighter  shorts must be worn underneath.

The protective gear consists of a groin cup, open-hand glovescovered on the thumbsand a mouthpiece.Gloves should reach the middle point of knuckles and have a pad at least 3 cm thick.Women must also wear a T-shirt or top and chest guard. Guards must be of approved types and will be checked by the jury. The mouthpiece must be tightly fit and the combatant will not be allowed to fight with mouth open.

MMA gloves

  1. There should be 3-4 cm thick padding 
  2. Thumbs should be covered
  3. The padding on the thumb should be between 0.5 and 1 cm thick.
  4. Gloves should reach the middle point of knuckles.

3) DURATION OF MATCHES

Class E(beginners) up to a maximum of 3 matches fought, against opponents with a maximum difference of 2 matches fought: two 4-minute rounds with a 1 minute 30 second interval.
Class B up to an additional 5 matches (from 4 to 8 total): two 5-minute rounds with a 1 minute 30 second interval.

Class A: three 5-minute rounds with 2 minute intervals.

International tournaments: two 5-minute rounds with 1 minute 30 second interval.

 

4) LEGAL TARGETS – ALLOWED TECHNIQUES

Class A:It is allowed to hit the whole body with the exception of spine, nape, top of the head, throat and groin with punches (closed fist), kicks, knees, shin techniques.  Elbow strikes are legal only if they are executed in circular path  without downward vertical movement and without hitting the target with the tip. With one or both fighters on the ground, the same blows are allowed butonlypunches can be delivered to the head. Fighter in ground position is allowed to kick his standing opponent in the face.

Class B: The same as class A, but all elbow strikes are forbidden.

Class E: The same as class B, but in standing position knee strikes to the head are forbidden and only punches can be used in ground position.

 

5) TAKEDOWNS

It is allowed to grab, hold and throw the opponent in any manner. It is also possible to strike while grabbing. Holding on to the ropes or the cage is forbidden. It is not allowed to launch the 'opponent over the ropes. It is not allowed to project  the opponent knocking him on the neck head first or causing him to fall on his knees.

6)IMMOBILIZATIONS

It's allowed to block the opponent on the mat in any manner, but only the combatant who gains a position of advantage and keeps it for minimum 5 seconds will obtain points.  It is allowed to do locks and chokes both to keep up the immobilization and to obtain the surrender.Vantage points are given based primarily on the position of the opponent, except for the rear mount which is still considered advantageous position. 

6) SUBMISSION

It is allowed to finalize the match by choking, strangling, compression, arm, leg or foot bars, locks (except finger locks).  Submission ends the fight. Fighter can not use his hands to attack his opponent’s face (mouth, nose, eyes).The referee can interrupt a submission situation in progress if he believes it to be dangerous for the fighter who is suffering it, awarding victory to the other fighter. In case of loss of mouth guard during ground fighting the Referee orders the fighters to hold their positions, allow the mouthpiece to be re-inserted, and then resume the match.

It is not allowed to apply submission techniques to heels (twisting).

 

7) SCORING

 

At the end of each round the side judges give 10 points to the better fighter and 9 points to his opponent ( 8 if there has been a remarkable gap ). Then they subtract the points owing to penalties and counts, marking the total score on the “round” column. At the end of the match the result will be given by the sum of the points obtained in each round. In case of equal  points in an elimination tournament the judge must give his preference.

The winner is declared by a majority of verdicts.

It is allowed to file a claim which must be submitted in writing immediately after the match to the chairman followed by the pertinent fee.

 

8)REFEREE

 

The central referee supervises the bout, he is the first to enter the ring. Referee starts the fighting with the word " fight ", stops it with the word " stop " or parts the  fighters in a prolonged clinch with the word " break ", at the utterance of which, after a step backward, the fight automatically begins again. The referee separates the two combatants after the prolonged standing clinchor orders them to stand up after a prolonged clinch on the mat.

 He ends the fight and awards a KO after three full power punches are thrown to the face of his/her passive opponent on the mat by the combatant who is above. At any moment the referee can stop a combatant he perceives to be in great difficulty or proclaim defeat due to the evident superiority of his/her opponent. When an injury occurs he interrupts fighting and calls for the ringside doctor to evaluate the injury.

 

 

9) JUDGES

 

The side judges evaluate techniques, combinations, number of blows hitting the target, efficacy,  throws and  immobilizations. They fill in every part of the scoring paper.

 

10) JURY

The jury consists of the timer keeper who stops the time only at the central referee' s request and signals the " seconds out " 10 seconds before the beginning of each round, the ring announcer, the commissioner who is the ultimate authority for the entire competition, the ringside doctor whose duty is to decide if an injured fighter can continue to fight or not. His decision is indisputable.

 

11) POINTS

For each round award of the points is based on the following scoring criteria:

Throw  taking both legs off the ground..............................................       3

Throw             .......................................................................................    2

Takedown   ...............................................................................................1

Immobilization .......................................................................................    1           

Side immobilization..................................................................................  2

Immobilization over the body (“mounting and rear mounting“)..........     ..     3

 

Reversal (escape from the guard position)..............................................1

Any strike to a legal target........................................................................1

Great efficacy of technique .....................................................................  1            

For a count received from referee one point less on the final score....  -1

 

12) WEIGHT CATEGORIES

Men:                       Kg. 56, 60, 65 , 71, 78, 86, 95, 105, over 105
Women:                  Kg. 50, 55, 61, 68, 76, over 76


The minimum age is 18 years old (16 with the written permission of parents)

Under 18 fighters fight only with Class E rules (beginner)

 

13) LEAVING THE FIGHTING AREA (when in the Ring)

In case both athletes go out of the competition area thus compelling  the referee to stop the fight the referee has the following choice of making decisions:

A: One of the two athletes is mounted in a lateral position.  In this case the refereetakes the fight to the center of the ring in a lateral mount position or full mount. In both cases the one above puts his hands on the ground on the side of the opponent’s body and the one below  girds the opponent’s waist.
B: None of the athletes had achieved  the lateral mount position or full mount. In this case the fight is resumed in standing position.
C: One of the two athletes had a pending finalization. The referee assigns a point less (on final score) to the athlete who suffered the risk of the finalization and the fight is resumed in standing position.

14) INJURIES

In the event of the injury due to the foul techniquethe injured fighter has  3 minutes  to  try to recover and decide whether to continue the fight subject to the discretion of the ringside doctor.

If the match is stopped because of an involuntary injury, the match is considered “no contest“ if the first round has not been completed. If at least the first round has been completed the scoring papers of the completed round(s) will determine the winner.

 

 

15) CLINCH

The "clinch" is a stalemate, both fighters standing or in  ground position during approximately 5 seconds without any actions on the part of one of the  fighters (or both of them) in an attempt  to turn the fight to his/her advantage. Please note that clinch might be also an attempt to reach the time limit of the fight without trying to achieve submission of the opponent.

 

16) ILLEGAL ACTIONS

The following techniques are not permitted:

  • Grabbing the shorts or gloves of the opponent
  • Grabbing the cage
  • Scratching the skin
  • Biting
  • Head butting
  • Pushing with the head the frontal parts of the face ( eyes, nose, mouth )
  • Using ointments, oils and creams on eyebrows, cheekbones and nose other than those permitted by the chief referee.

PLEASE NOTE: Any agreements between coaches that go beyond or take exception to these rules are to be considered totally unofficial and the referee can only enforce these official federation rules as they are written.