Friday, 15 December 2017
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MMA GRAPPLING

 

 

GRAPPLING

 

 

Grappling is a martial artsdiscipline which applies all kinds of wrestling styles with minimum restrictions with regard to submission and strangulation techniques. Grappling does not use striking.

Grappling refers to techniques, maneuvers and counters applied to an opponent in order to gain a physical advantage and force opponent to surrender.

 

1)    COMPETITION AREA

 

Grappling  matches are held on the mat, in the ring or in the octagon on the platform. The ring fighting area  should measure minimum  6 x 6 metres plus  surrounding perimeter safety area, preferably of a different colour and in any case delineated, measuring 1 metre.Tatami measures 8 x 8  metres or 10 x 10 metres. Tatami should be at least 3 cm thick.

 

2)UNIFORM AND EQUIPMENT

 

Grappling combatants must wear shorts, sports shirt with short sleeves, groin guard and mouthpiece.

The uniform should be close-fitting.For women  chest protector is mandatory. Foot-wear is not allowed.It is forbidden to wear bracelets, necklaces, ear-rings and rings and any other thing likely to cause injury during the fight. The fighting safety equipment must be of approved type and will be inspected by the competition jury.

 

 

3)  DURATION OF MATCHES

 

Children (age: +6-8)/ +8-10)

Elimination fights: 2 rounds x 1.5 min.

Finals:  3 rounds x 1.5 min.

Interval between rounds: 1 min

(1 extra round - 1 min in case of a draw)

 

Boys and girls (age: +10-12)/ +12-14)

Elimination fights: 2 rounds x 2 min.

Finals:  3 rounds x 2 min.

Interval between rounds: 1 min

(1 extra round – 1 min in case of a draw)

Juniors (age: +14-16)/ +16-18)

Elimination fights: 2 rounds x 3 min.

Finals:  3 rounds x 3 min.

Interval between rounds: 1 min

(1 extra round - 3 min in case of a draw)

 

Men and women (age: +18-35)

Elimination fights: 2 rounds x 5 min.

Finals:  3 rounds x 5 min.

Interval between rounds: 1 min

(1 extra round - 5 min in case of a draw)

 

Veterans (age: +35-56)

Elimination fights: 2 rounds x 3 min.

Finals:  3 rounds x 3 min.

Interval between rounds: 1 min

(1 extra round - 3 min in case of a draw)

 

 

4)  LEGAL techniques

 

- all kinds of strangulation techniques (except using hands for shutting off respiratory airways)

 

- takedowns an throws from standing and ground positions

 

- chokes in standing and ground positions

 

- all kinds of arm bars, shoulder locks, wrist locks

 

- all kinds of submission techniques on feet and ankles (only for the age of +18)

 

- entrapment of calves (only for the age of +18)

 

 

5) ILLEGAL TECHNIQUES AND ACTIONS

 

- all kinds of strikes and striking techniques in general

 

- submission techniques applied to fingers and hands

 

- intentional  head first throws of opponent

 

- any throws aimed at opponent’s injury instead of simply maneuvering him forcefully through the air to the ground

 

- intentional injury of bones and knuckles

 

- pinching

 

- head butts

 

- biting

 

- hair pulling

 

-plucking at nose, ears

 

- applying any techniques to the groin

 

-poking into eyes, years, nose

 

- putting fingers into the mouth

 

- throwing opponent by means of submission

 

- strangulations with fingers

 

- applying forearm to chin from the rear position

 

-acting on the neck, for example “crucifixion”, “full Nelson”, pulling opponent’s head with both hands linked on the nape

 

Remark: It is allowed to act on the neck in case of chokes (for example “guillotine” or rear naked choke)

 

-acting on small knuckles (fingers)

 

-grasping less than 4 fingers or toes

 

-intentionally taking hold of the uniform and skin

- using ointments, oils, sprays, creams as well as bandaging materials other than those permitted by the chief referee.

- touching opponent’s face with hands, knees or elbows

 

 

6)  SCORING

 

At the end of each round the  judges ( 3 ) write down the score on special scoring papers: 10 points to the better fighter and 9 points to the other; 8 if there has been a remarkable gap or finalization. Then they subtract the points due to fouls and mark the total score in the special  square. At the end of the match, each judge sums up the given points; in case of equal  points in an elimination tournament the judge must give his preference.

 

 

7)  REFEREE

 

He supervises the bout, he is the first to enter the "mat". He should ask the side judges to inspect the protective equipment, order the salute and start  the fighting with the world "fight". He stops the match with the word "stop" every  time he thinks it necessary; he can give warnings, award penalties and disqualify the combatants. He signals throws with his uplifted arm. He signals immobilization with his horizontally outstretched arm.

 

8)  JUDGE

 

He evaluates  techniques,   control,  combinations, the athletes' endurance to award the score. He decides if  immobilizations and throws signalled by the central referee are valid or not; he can give penalty points and he can ask for consultation with the central referee. He inspects the fighting safety equipment on call of the central referee and fills out every part of the score sheet.

 

9) JURY

 

The juryis formed by a time keeper, who stops the clock only upon the central referee's request,an announcer and the event commissioner who reads the scoring papers results before the verdict. The commissioner is responsible for the entire competition. A member of the jury can also act as announcer in the absence of a proper person. The commissioner can take decisions which might deviate from with the usual rules, due to necessities. He will justify these decisions in the minutes of the competition, together with the results, the times and the observations of  the head referee.

 

 

10) DOCTOR

 

The ring-side doctor must be present throughout the entire event in the vicinity of the fighting square. In case of injury he is the only one who can decide if the injured fighter can continue to fight. Any fighter who abandons his match because of a doctor's decision cannot in any case continue to take part in the tournament.

 

11) POINTS

 

A high throw (above breast)           ..............................................      ...3

A throwtaking both legs off the ground...................................................2

A ”takedown”...............................................................................................1

An immobilization .......................................................................................1

A side immobilization...................................................................................2

An immobilization over the body (“mounting and back mounting“)..........     ..3

 

For  the age of 6-8 /10-12  boys and girls are given 2 points for each takedown and 2 points for each immobilization.

Minus 1 point is given for each illegal action.

 

It is allowed to file a claim which must be submitted in writing immediately after the match to the chairman followed by the pertinent fee.

 

 

 

12) WEIGHT  CATEGORIES

Children, age 6 – 8 / 8 - 10

Boys :  kg. -20, -24, -28 –32,  -37, -42, – 47, –52, +52

Girls : kg. -20, -24, -28 –32,  -37, -42, – 47, +47

Children,age 10 – 12 / 12 – 14

Boys :  kg.  -24, -28 –32,  -37, -42, – 47, –52, -57, +57 

Girls :  kg. -24, -28 –32,  -37, -42, – 47, –52, +52 

Juniors, age 14 – 16 / 16 - 18

Boys : kg. – 47, -52, -56, -60, -65, -71, -78, -86, +86

Girls :  kg. -40, -45, -50, -55, -60, -65, -70, -75, +75

Adults, age 18 - 35

Men:  kg. - 56, -60, -65 ,-71, -78, -86, -95, -105, +105
Women:  kg. -50, -55, -61, -68, -76,  -85, -95, +95

Veterans, age 18 - 35

Men:     kg. - 56, -60, -65 ,-71, -78, -86, -95, -105, +105

Women:     kg. -50, -55, -61, -68, -76,  -85, -95, +95

 

13) WRESTLING IN GROUND POSITION

 

Time of active wrestling in ground position is unlimited. In case of lack of action in opinion of referee he gives warning to athletes and urges them to be more active. Within the next 20 seconds athletes are given one more warning.  Upon expiry of this period in case of lack of action the referee orders athletes to take the standing position.

 

In case both opponents in ground position are on the point of falling out of the ringthe referee orders them to cease action, move back to the center of the ring and take exactly the same position in which they were before. After that they resume fighting upon command of the referee.

 

PLEASE NOTE: Any agreements between coaches that go beyond or take exception to these rules are to be considered totally unofficial and the referee can only enforce these official federation rules as they are written.